FreeBSD 11 installation notes

Base install

Ports, first time
portsnap fetch
portsnap extract

Ports, updating
portsnap fetch
portsnap update

Checking installed packages against ports
Using portupgrade, (“pkg install portupgrade” first)
portversion -v
Updating, using ports binaries or source
portupgrade -vaP

Cleanup of /var/db/pkg/

Apache HTTPd

Default document root
Configuration location


Configuration file: /usr/local/etc/mysql/my.cnf
Datadir: /var/db/mysql
Initial MySQL root password in $HOME/.mysql_secret

To change password for root
root@localhost [(none)]> show databases;
ERROR 1820 (HY000): You must reset your password using ALTER USER statement before executing this
root@localhost [(none)]>
root@localhost [(none)]> alter user ‘root@localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘new_password’;
ERROR 1820 (HY000): You must reset your password using ALTER USER statement before executing this statement.
root@localhost [(none)]> set password = ‘new_password’;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)


Configuration location

pkg install png-1.6.29
pkg install jpeg
pkg install libxml2
pkg install libltdl
pkg install gmake
pkg install freetype2
pkg install curl

Install PHP and modules
pkg install php71
pkg install php71-imap
pkg install php71-mcrypt
pkg install php71-curl
pkg install php71-ctype
pkg install php71-dom
pkg install php71-fileinfo
pkg install php71-filter
pkg install php71-gd
pkg install php71-hash
pkg install php71-iconv
pkg install php71-json
pkg install php71-mysql
pkg install php71-mysqli
pkg install php71-openssl
pkg install php71-pcntl
pkg install php71-session
pkg install php71-simplexml
pkg install php71-tokenizer
pkg install php71-xml
pkg install php71-zlib

Install Apache module
pkg install mod_php71

ffmpeg / youtube-dl

Creating video or audio clips using ffmpeg

ffmpeg clip audio interval with starting and end time

Cut part from video file from start position to end position with FFmpeg

Using ffmpeg to cut up video

Convert video format without re-encoding
ffmpeg -i input.m2ts -c:v copy -c:a aac -strict experimental -b:a 128k output.mp4

Replacing audio in a video

Replacing video audio using ffmpeg

Create a single image video (for audio clips uploaded to Youtube)

Combine one image + one audio file to make one video using FFmpeg


youtube-dl is a python script that allows you to download and view videos from different platforms for archiving and offline viewing
downloading videos to a specific path with youtube-dl
How to download only subtitles of videos using youtube-dl
Change youtube-dl download output location